A way to provide oxygen to people on Mars was found: Robot chemist helped (video)

A robotic chemist discovered the molecule that creates oxygen on Mars in a new experiment.

According to the research published in the journal Nature Synthesis, scientists trained a robot to research meteorites from Mars. As a result, the robot synthesized compounds that could be used to produce oxygen from water on the Red Planet, Space writes.

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Astronauts on Mars will need oxygen not only to breathe but also to produce rocket fuel. Transporting the required amounts of oxygen to Mars is a very expensive task. That’s why scientists are looking for ways to produce oxygen from Mars resources.

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It is now known that there is a lot of water ice on Mars and that when you melt it you can get water, and when you split the water you can get oxygen and hydrogen. However, this requires catalysts, that is, compounds that support the splitting of water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen molecules.

To create these catalysts, scientists used a specially trained robotic chemist who studied meteorites on Mars. The robot scanned meteorites on Mars using a laser and found that more than 3.7 million molecules could be extracted from iron, nickel, manganese, magnesium, aluminum and calcium in the rocks, the study shows.

Without intervention from scientists, the robot selected, synthesized and tested 243 different molecules to determine the best catalyst for splitting water. As a result, he created a catalyst that can split water at minus 37 degrees Celsius. Such low temperatures exist on Mars.

According to scientists, this catalyst effectively produces oxygen by splitting water molecules. While it took the robot a month and a half to create this catalyst, a human would have to search for the best catalyst for nearly 2 thousand years using existing methods.

At the same time, the authors of the study say that a robot chemist cannot be completely independent in carrying out such work, he needs people who will at least create the necessary program of his actions. The robotic chemist has worked in terrestrial conditions, and so scientists want to find out whether he could work in Martian conditions, where the density and composition of the atmosphere, humidity, gravity and temperature are different from those on Earth.

As I already wrote FocusScientists have discovered that polar nights on Mars glow green. Researchers from the European Space Agency say they have received the first confirmation of an unusual phenomenon on the Red Planet.

Moreover Focus He wrote that China will deliver rock samples from the Red Planet to Earth much earlier than NASA. If the Americans want to take samples in 2033, then the PRC – already in 2031.

Focus he also wrote that the new nuclear engine would make it possible to reach the outskirts of the solar system faster. Lockheed Martin is building a nuclear-powered spacecraft for deep space exploration.

Source: Focus

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